Rhynd and Moscow papyri 

home  courses  topics  theorems  starters  worksheets  timeline  KS3  KS4  KS5 

Rhind papyrus Rhind papyrus Rhind papyrus is about 1 foot high and 18 feet long. It was bought n 1858 in Luxor by a Scottish antiquary, Henry Rhind, after whom it is called. Sometimes it is also called the Ahmes Papyrus, after the scribe who wrote it in about 1650 B. C. The scribe writes on the papyrus that the material (mathematics) on it is derived from a prototype from the Middle Kingdom of about 2000 to 1800 B. C. This papyrus contains 87 mathematical problems. Moscow Papyrus The other papyrus, known as Moscow or Golenischev Papyrus, was purchased in Egypt in 1893. It is about the same length as the Rhind Papyrus, about 18 feet, but only about 3 in wide. Unlike Ahmes Papyrus, this was written by an unknown scribe of the 12 th dynasty (ca. 1890 BC.). This papyrus contains 25 examples. Moscow papyrus Examples of mathematics which is described in these papyri are the first six problems of the Rhind papyrus which pose a question "How to divide n loaves between 10 men if (1) we have 1 loaf of bread, (2) we have 2 loafs of bread (3) we have 6 loafs of bread (4) we have 7 loafs of bread (5) we have 8 loafs of bread (6) we have 9 loafs of bread? It is pretty obvious that the solutions will have to be done by using fractions. In the worksheets you can find how Egyptians used fractions and why they were so important to them.

Egyptian numerals These numerals are written in hyeroglyphic script. Ancient Egyptians also used hieratic script. In both cases, they wrote from right to left, as Arabs do today. Other topics on Egyptian mathematics An Egyptian scribe from the Fourth Dynasty. To learn about gods which are related to mathematics, or learning, click here. 

artefacts  numerals  concepts  people  places  pythagoreans  egyptians  babylonians
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Acknowledgements  Copyright  Contact  Mission Statement  Tell a friend about this site 
